Everything You Need to Know About Dental Fluorosis in Children: From Prevention to Treatment

Mottled enamel or dental fluorosis is detected much more frequently in children than in adults. This condition is characterized by the disruption of enamel integrity and is manifested by numerous spots on the teeth. Irreversible consequences may occur if the symptoms are ignored, including the fragmentary destruction of enamel. Timely consultation with a dentist is crucial to prevent the development of complications.

What is Fluorosis

Fluorosis is a disease of the enamel caused by an excess of fluoride in the body. It is traditionally diagnosed in regions with well-fluoridated drinking water. In children, fluorosis develops quickly as the mineral accumulates in the enamel, changing its properties, appearance, and rapidly disintegrating.

Causes of Fluorosis in Children

Fluoride is necessary in small doses for the normal development of the skeleton and teeth. However, an excess of the mineral can lead to fluorosis. Causes may include:

  • Excessive fluoride content in drinking water;
  • Using toothpaste with a high fluoride content;
  • Uncontrolled intake of dietary supplements containing the mineral;
  • Growth of permanent teeth if there was a fluoride surplus in the child's body before the growth period.

Symptoms of Fluorosis in Children

The first signs are spots on the enamel. Over time, the enamel becomes dull, brittle, which can lead to chips and cracks. Incisors are affected first, followed by canines and premolars.

Stages of Fluorosis

Fluorosis is classified according to the stage of development from striated to destructive, where significant enamel destruction is observed.

Complications of Fluorosis

Untreated fluorosis can lead to osteoporosis, osteosclerosis, and even osteosarcoma with prolonged consumption of water high in fluoride.


Diagnosis includes visual inspection, staining of the enamel to differentiate from caries, and radiography. It's challenging to diagnose in the early stages due to the similarity of symptoms with other enamel diseases.


Treatment depends on the stage of fluorosis development and may include home whitening, professional cleaning, enamel remineralization, microabrasion, aesthetic restoration, and prosthetics. It is important to eliminate the source of fluoride to prevent further disease development.

This disease requires special attention and a professional approach to treatment. Timely consultation with a specialist can help avoid serious consequences for the child's health and preserve their healthy and beautiful smile.

In our clinic, we offer a comprehensive and individualized approach to treating dental fluorosis in children, based on the latest scientific developments and clinical practice. Here are a few key advantages that make us leaders in the treatment of this disease:

  • Highly Qualified Specialists: Our team consists of experienced pediatric dentists specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of dental fluorosis in children. Thanks to their deep knowledge and skills, our doctors can accurately determine the disease's severity and select the most effective treatment course.
  • Individual Treatment Plan: We understand that each case of fluorosis is unique, so we develop a personalized treatment plan that fully meets your child's needs and health condition. This allows us to achieve high treatment results while minimizing the risk of potential complications.
  • Modern Equipment and Technologies: Our clinic uses only modern equipment and advanced technologies, ensuring high diagnostic accuracy and treatment effectiveness. This includes digital radiography, visiography, and innovative treatment methods aimed at enamel restoration without harming the child's health.
  • Comfort and Safety: We strive to create the most comfortable and safe atmosphere for our little patients. All procedures are conducted considering the child's individual sensitivity, which helps reduce anxiety levels and make the treatment as pleasant and painless as possible.
  • Prevention and Education: An important part of fluorosis treatment is prevention and educating parents on proper dental care for their child. We provide comprehensive information on how to avoid the recurrence of fluorosis and maintain dental health at a high level.

Choosing the Factor Smile clinic for fluorosis treatment means entrusting your child's health to professionals who guarantee not only high-quality treatment but also an individual approach and care for each little patient. We will help restore your child's health and beauty to their smile, using the most modern and safe treatment methods.

Make an appointment